Tyumen was the first Russian settlement in Siberia. Founded in 1586 to support Russia’s eastward expansion, dau tu tren forex cargo city has remained one of the most important industrial and economic centers east of the Ural Mountains.
Today Tyumen is an important business center. Tyumen is the transport hub and industrial center of Tyumen Oblast— an oil-rich region bordering Kazakhstan —as well as the home of many companies active in Russia’s oil and gas industry. Its primary geographical feature is the Tura River, which crosses the city from northwest to southeast. The river is navigable downstream of the city. The left bank of the Tura is a floodplain surrounded by gently rolling hills. The river floods during the snow melting season in the spring. 10 times wider than during the late-summer low water season.
The weather in town is very changeable, and the temperature in town is always higher than in the surrounding area by a few degrees. The Cossack ataman Yermak Timofeyevich annexed the Tyumen area, originally part of the Siberia Khanate, to the Tsardom of Russia in 1585. Tyumen stood on the “Tyumen Portage”, part of the historical trade route between Central Asia and the Volga region. Various South Siberian nomads had continuously contested control of the portage in the preceding centuries. As a result, Siberian Tatar and Kalmyk raiders often attacked early Russian settlers. By the beginning of the 18th century Tyumen had developed into an important center of trade between Siberia and China in the east and Central Russia in the west. Tyumen had also become an important industrial center, known for leather-goods makers, blacksmiths, and other craftsmen.